In this series of posts I am going to set out to prove that Allah is actually the slave of Muhammad who existed to satisfy the desires and pleasures of his own prophet. I plan to break down my posts in the following sections:
The Quranic References.
The Exegesis of Q. 9:1-5.
Summary Analysis of the Data.
The Exegesis of Q. 66:1-5.
Summary Analysis of the Data.
The Alternate Versions.
The Implications of and Problems with the Alternate Versions.
Muhammad’s Oath Breaking and Mistreatment of Wives: A Model for Muslims to Follow.
Allah granted Muhammad certain privileges such as dissolving his oaths and choosing which of his wives and concubines he wanted to sleep with on a particular day. As such, Muhammad comes under the condemnation of the Holy Bible, God’s true Word, which gives strict warning to those who would fail to keep any oath or vow made before the Lord:
“Moses said to the heads of the tribes of Israel: ‘This is what the LORD commands: When a man makes a vow to the LORD or takes an oath to obligate himself by a pledge, he must not break his word but must do everything he said.’” Numbers 30:1-2
“If you make a vow to the LORD your God, you shall not delay fulfilling it, for the LORD your God will surely require it of you, and you will be guilty of sin. But if you refrain from vowing, you will not be guilty of sin. You shall be careful to do what has passed your lips, for you have voluntarily vowed to the LORD your God what you have promised with your mouth.” Deuteronomy 23:21-23
“Do not be quick with your mouth, do not be hasty in your heart to utter anything before God. God is in heaven and you are on earth, so let your words be few. As a dream comes when there are many cares, so the speech of a fool when there are many words. When you make a vow to God, do not delay in fulfilling it. He has no pleasure in fools; fulfill your vow. It is better not to vow than to make a vow and not fulfill it. Do not let your mouth lead you into sin. And do not protest to the temple messenger, ‘My vow was a mistake.’ Why should God be angry at what you say and destroy the work of your hands?” Ecclesiastes 5:2-6
Muhammad stands further condemned for his mistreatment of his wives and concubines since, during the OT period when polygyny was allowed, God warned men not to neglect their wives by failing to grant them the same treatment and rights, both in respect to their conjugal and material needs:
“When a man sells his daughter as a slave, she shall not go out as the male slaves do. If she does not please her master, who has designated her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He shall have no right to sell her to a foreign people, since he has broken faith with her. If he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her as with a daughter. If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, or her marital rights. And if he does not do these three things for her, she shall go out for nothing, without payment of money.” Exodus 21:7-11
- The Quranic References.
A (declaration) of immunity from God and His Apostle, to those of the Pagans with whom ye have contracted mutual alliances:- Go ye, then, for four months, backwards and forwards, (as ye will), throughout the land, but know ye that ye cannot frustrate God (by your falsehood) but that God will cover with shame those who reject Him. And an announcement from God and His Apostle, to the people (assembled) on the day of the Great Pilgrimage, – that God and His Apostle dissolve (treaty) obligations with the Pagans. If then, ye repent, it were best for you; but if ye turn away, know ye that ye cannot frustrate God. And proclaim a grievous penalty to those who reject Faith. S. 9:1-3 Y. Ali
Here is how another version of this passage:
Freedom from (all) obligations (is declared) from Allah and His Messenger to those of the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah), with whom you made a treaty. So travel freely (O Mushrikun – see V.2:105) for four months (as you will) throughout the land, but know that you cannot escape (from the Punishment of) Allah, and Allah will disgrace the disbelievers. And a declaration from Allah and His Messenger to mankind on the greatest day (the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah – the 12th month of Islamic calendar) that Allah is free from (all) obligations to the Mushrikun (see V.2:105) and so is His Messenger. So if you (Mushrikun) repent, it is better for you, but if you turn away, then know that you cannot escape (from the Punishment of) Allah. And give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful torment to those who disbelieve. Hilali-Khan
Continuing with the Quran:
You (O Muhammad) can postpone (the turn of) whom you will of them (your wives), and you may receive whom you will. And whomsoever you desire of those whom you have set aside (her turn temporarily), it is no sin on you (to receive her again), that is better; that they may be comforted and not grieved, and may all be pleased with what you give them. Allah knows what is in your hearts. And Allah is Ever All-knowing, Most Forbearing. S. 33:51 Hilali-Khan
O Prophet! Why do you ban (for yourself) that which Allah has made lawful to you, seeking to please your wives? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Allah has already ordained for you (O men), the dissolution of your oaths. And Allah is your Maula (Lord, or Master, or Protector, etc.) and He is the All-Knower, the All-Wise. And (remember) when the Prophet disclosed a matter in confidence to one of his wives (Hafsah), so when she told it (to another i.e. ‘Aishah), and Allah made it known to him, he informed part thereof and left a part. Then when he told her (Hafsah) thereof, she said: “Who told you this?” He said: “The All-Knower, the All-Aware (Allah) has told me”. If you two (wives of the Prophet, namely ‘Aishah and Hafsah) turn in repentance to Allah, (it will be better for you), your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet likes), but if you help one another against him (Muhammad), then verily, Allah is his Maula (Lord, or Master, or Protector, etc.), and Jibrael (Gabriel), and the righteous among the believers, and furthermore, the angels are his helpers. It may be if he divorced you (all) that his Lord will give him instead of you, wives better than you, Muslims (who submit to Allah), believers, obedient to Allah, turning to Allah in repentance, worshipping Allah sincerely, fasting or emigrants (for Allah’s sake), previously married and virgins. S. 66:1-5 Hilali-Khan
- The Exegesis of Q. 9:1-3.
Why there is no Basmalah in the Beginning of This Surah
This honorable Surah (chapter 9) was one of the last Surahs to be revealed to the Messenger of Allah. Al-Bukhari recorded that Al-Bara’ said, “The last Ayah to be revealed was…
<They ask you for a legal verdict. Say: “Allah directs (thus) about Al-Kalalah.”> [4:176], while the last Surah to be revealed was Bara’ah.” The Basmalah was not mentioned in the beginning of this Surah because the Companions did not write it in the complete copy of the Qur’an (Mushaf) they collected, following the Commander of the faithful, `Uthman bin `Affan. The first part of this honorable Surah was revealed to the Messenger of Allah when he returned from the battle of Tabuk, during the Hajj season, which the Prophet thought about attending. But he remembered that the idolators would still attend that Hajj, as was usual in past years, and that they perform Tawaf around the House while naked. He disliked to associate with them and sent Abu Bakr As-Siddiq to lead Hajj that year and show the people their rituals, commanding him to inform the idolators that they would not be allowed to participate in Hajj after that season. He commanded him to proclaim…
<Freedom from (all) obligations (is declared) from Allah and His Messenger…>, to the people. When Abu Bakr had left, the Messenger sent `Ali bin Abu Talib to be the one to deliver this news to the idolators on behalf of the Messenger, for he was the Messenger’s cousin. We will mention this story later. (Tafsir Ibn Kathir; http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2585&Itemid=64)
Publicizing the Disavowal of the Idolators
<Freedom from obligations from Allah and His Messenger>, is a declaration of freedom from all obligations from Allah and His Messenger…
<to those of the Mushrikin, with whom you made a treaty. So travel freely (Mushrikin) for four months (as you will) throughout the land> [9:1-2]. This Ayah refers to idolators who had indefinite treaties and those, whose treaties with Muslims ended in less than four months. The terms of these treaties were restricted to four months only. As for those whose term of peace ended at a specific date later (than the four months), then their treaties would end when their terms ended, no matter how long afterwards, for Allah said…
<So fulfill their treaty for them until the end of their term> [9:4]. So whoever had a covenant with Allah’s Messenger then it would last until its period expired, this was reported from Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi and others. We will also mention a Hadith on this matter. Abu Ma`shar Al-Madani said that Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi and several others said, “The Messenger of Allah sent Abu Bakr to lead the Hajj rituals on the ninth year (of Hijrah). He also sent `Ali bin Abi Talib with thirty or forty Ayat from Bara’ah (At-Tawbah), and he recited them to the people, giving the idolators four months during which they freely move about in the land. He recited these Ayat on the day of `Arafah (ninth of Dhul-Hijjah). The idolators were given twenty more days (till the end) of Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram, Safar, Rabi` Al-Awwal and ten days from Rabi` Ath-Thani. He proclaimed to them in their camping areas, `No Mushrik will be allowed to perform Hajj after this year, nor a naked person to perform Tawaf around the House.” … (Ibid.; http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2584&Itemid=64)
Allah says, this is a declaration…
<from Allah and His Messenger>, and a preface warning to the people…
<on the greatest day of Hajj>, the day of Sacrifice, the best and most apparent day of the Hajj rituals, during which the largest gathering confers.
<that Allah is free from (all) obligations to the Mushrikin and so is His Messenger.> also free from all obligations to them. Allah next invites the idolators to repent…
<So if you repent>, from the misguidance and Shirk you indulge in…
<it is better for you, but if you turn away>, and persist on your ways…
<then know that you cannot escape Allah> Rather, Allah is capable over you, and you are all in His grasp, under His power and will…
<And give tidings of a painful torment for those who disbelieve> earning them disgrace and affliction in this life and the torment of chains and barbed iron bars in the Hereafter. Al-Bukhari recorded that Abu Hurayrah said, “Abu Bakr sent me during that Hajj with those dispatched on the day of Sacrifice to declare in Mina that no Mushrik will be allowed to attend Hajj after that year, nor will a naked person be allowed to perform Tawaf.” Humayd said, “The Prophet then sent `Ali bin Abi Talib and commanded him to announce Bara’ah.” Abu Hurayrah said, “Ali publicized Bara’ah with us to the gathering in Mina on the day of Sacrifice, declaring that no Mushrik shall perform Hajj after that year, nor shall a naked person perform Tawaf around the House.” Al-Bukhari also collected this Hadith the this narration of which, Abu Hurayrah said, “On the day of Nahr, Abu Bakr sent me along with other announcers to Mina to make a public announcement that ‘No pagan is allowed to perform Hajj after this year, and no naked person is allowed to perform the Tawaf around the Ka`bah.’ Abu Bakr was leading the people in that Hajj season, and in the year of `The Farewell Hajj’ when the Prophet performed Hajj, no Mushrik performed Hajj.” This is the narration that Al-Bukhari recorded in the Book on Jihad. Muhammad bin Ishaq reported a narration from Abu Ja`far Muhammad bin `Ali bin Al-Husayn who said, “When Bara’ah was revealed to Allah’s Messenger, and he had sent Abu Bakr to oversee the Hajj rites for the people, he was asked, `O Messenger of Allah! Why not send this [message] to Abu Bakr?’ So he said…
<<It will not be accepted to have been from me if it is not from a man from my family.>> Then he called for `Ali and said to him…
<<Take this section from the beginning of Bara’ah and proclaim to the people on the day of the Sacrifice while they are gathered at Mina that no disbeliever will enter Paradise, no idolator will be permitted to perform Hajj after the year, there will be no Tawaf while naked, and whoever has a covenant with Allah’s Messenger, then it shall be valid until the time of its expiration.>> `Ali rode the camel of Allah’s Messenger named Al-`Adba’ until he caught up with Abu Bakr in route. When Abu Bakr saw him he said, `Are you here as a commander or a follower.’ `Ali replied, `A follower.’ They continued on. Abu Bakr lead the people in Hajj while the Arabs were camping in their normal locations from Jahiliyyah. On the day of Sacrifice, `Ali bin Abi Talib stood and proclaimed, `O people! No disbeliever will be admitted into Paradise, no idolator will be permitted to perform Hajj next year, there shall be no Tawaf while naked, and whoever has a covenant with Allah’s Messenger, then it shall be valid until its time of expiration.’ So no idolator performed Hajj after that year, Tawaf around the House while naked ceased. Then they returned to Allah’s Messenger. So this was the declaration of innocence, whoever among the idolators had no treaty, then he had a treaty of peace for one year, if he had a particular treaty, then it was valid until its date of expiration.” (Ibid.; http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2583&Itemid=64)
- Summary Analysis of the Data.
The ahadith make it explicitly clear that Muhammad always had it in his heart to expel the pagans, Jews and Christians from the Arabian Peninsula, and so waited and plotted until the appropriate time when he was powerful enough to do so:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
Ibn ‘Abbas said, “Thursday! What (great thing) took place on Thursday!” Then he started weeping till his tears wetted the gravels of the ground. Then he said, “On Thursday the illness of Allah’s Apostle was aggravated and he said, ‘Fetch me writing materials so that I may have something written to you after which you will never go astray.’… The Prophet on his death-bed, gave three orders saying, ‘Expel the pagans from the Arabian Peninsula…’” (Ya’qub bin Muhammad said, “I asked Al-Mughira bin ‘Abdur-Rahman about the Arabian Peninsula and he said, ‘It comprises Mecca, Medina, Al-Yamama and Yemen.’” Ya’qub added, “And Al-Arj, the beginning of Tihama.”) (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 52, Number 288 https://www.searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=52&translator=1&start=0&number=288)
Narrated Abu Huraira:
While we were in the Mosque, the Prophet came out and said, “Let us go to the Jews.” We went out till we reached Bait-ul-Midras. He said to them, “If you embrace Islam, you will be safe. You should know that the earth belongs to Allah and His Apostle, and I want to expel you from this land. So, if anyone amongst you owns some property, he is permitted to sell it, otherwise you should know that the earth belongs to Allah and His Apostle.” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 53, Number 392 https://www.searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=53&translator=1&start=0&number=392)
Narrated Said bin Jubair… “When the condition (i.e. health) of Allah’s Apostle deteriorated, he said, ‘Bring me a bone of scapula, so that I may write something for you after which you will never go astray.’ The people differed in their opinions although it was improper to differ in front of a prophet, ‘They said, ‘What is wrong with him? Do you think he is delirious?… Then the Prophet ordered them to do three things saying, ‘Turn out all the pagans from the Arabian Peninsula…’”… (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 53, Number 393 https://www.searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=53&translator=1&start=0&number=393)
It has been narrated by ‘Umar b. al-Khattab that he heard the Messenger of Allah say: I will expel the Jews and Christians from the Arabian Peninsula and will not leave any but Muslim. (Sahih Muslim, Book 019, Number 4366 https://www.searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=019&translator=2&start=0&number=4366)
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:
Umar expelled the Jews and the Christians from Hijaz. When Allah’s Apostle had conquered Khaibar, he wanted to expel the Jews from it, as its land became the property of Allah, His Apostle, and the Muslims. Allah’s Apostle intended to expel the Jews but they requested him to let them stay there on the condition that they would do the labor and get half of the fruits. Allah’s Apostle told them, “We will let you stay on thus condition, as long as we wish.” So, they (i.e. Jews) kept on living there until ‘Umar forced them to go towards Taima’ and Ariha’. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 39, Number 531 https://www.searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=39&translator=1&start=0&number=531)
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that the Messenger of Allah said, “Two deens shall not co-exist in the Arabian Peninsula.”
Malik said that Ibn Shihab said, “’Umar ibn al-Khattab searched for information about that until he was absolutely convinced that the Messenger of Allah had said, ‘Two deens shall not co-exist in the Arabian Peninsula,’ and he therefore expelled the Jews from Khaybar.”
Malik said, ”Umar ibn al-Khattab expelled the Jews from Najran (a Jewish settlement in the Yemen) and Fadak (a Jewish settlement thirty miles from Madina). When the Jews of Khaybar left, they did not take any fruit or land. The Jews of Fadak took half the fruit and half the land, because the Messenger of Allah had made a settlement with them for that. So Umar entrusted to them the value in gold, silver, camels, ropes and saddle bags of half the fruit and half the land, and handed the value over to them and expelled them.” (Malik’s Muwatta, Book 45, Number 45.5.18 https://sunnah.com/urn/416781)
The foregoing shows that Muhammad never had any intention of keeping his oaths or honoring the treaties he had with the pagans. The only reason why he even entered into such agreements with them was because he was outnumbered and knew he couldn’t impose his will upon them. It is clear that Muhammad had every intention of violating his promises and treaties once he was in a position to attack and subjugate the unbelievers. Muhammad, therefore, needed to use his Allah as a scapegoat to justify his shameless dissolution of the very promises and covenants he had sworn to honor.
I have a lot more to say in respect to Allah being Muhammad’s servant in the next part of my discussion (https://answeringislamblog.wordpress.com/2019/05/07/allah-abdul-muhammad-slave-of-muhammad-pt-2/).