The late Christian apologist, writer and pastor Dr. Labib Mikhail wrote a section in his excellent book, Islam Muhammad and the Koran: A Documented Analysis (Blessed Hope Ministry, Second Edition: Revised and Expanded 2002), where he proves that Islam is a polytheistic religion that demotes God and elevates creation, specifically Muhammad. We have decided to reproduce that section here for the benefit of the readers so they can employ this material in their witness to Muslims.
The following appears on pp. 181-193 of chapter 17 titled, “The Koran and Polytheism”.
Polytheism In The Koran
God is the supreme Being, no one is greater than Him. No one is associated with Him. In the book of Hebrews we read:
For when God made a promise to Abraham, because He could swear by no one greater, He swore by Himself. (Hebrews 6:13 NKJ, Author’s emphasis)
For men indeed swear by the greater, and an oath for confirmation is for them an end of all dispute. (Hebrews 6:16)
Every time God swears in the Bible, He swears by Himself because no one is greater than Him.
By Myself I have sworn, says the Lord… in your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed. (Genesis 22:16-18 NKJ)
I have sworn by Myself; the word has gone out of My mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, that to Me every knee shall bow… (Isaiah 45:23 NKJ)
I swear by Myself, says the Lord. (Jeremiah 22:5 NKJ)
The true and supreme God could not swear by someone else, let alone anything else. So He swore by Himself.
Christians are not polytheists but the Muslims are. I say that, not to ridicule Muslims, but to set the record straight. Two issues are very clear in the Koran
First, the Koran puts Allah in a lesser position than his creation.
Second, the Koran exalted the prophet Muhammad, even to the place of deity.
First, the Koran puts Allah in a lesser position than his creation since He swore by many things other than Himself.
This is polytheism, which the Muslims call “shirk” in Arabic. Allah swore in the Koran twenty-four times, by the Koran, the angels, the winds, the mount, the star, the pen, the moon, the night, the dawn, the day of resurrection, the sky, the day of judgment, the even and odd numbers, the sun, the earth, the soul, the creation of male and female, the fig, the olive and the city of Mecca. Are these things greater than Allah that He would swear by them? What is the value of the pen, the sun, the moon, the fig or the olive, compared to Allah?
Suppose that you are called as a witness in court, and instead of putting your hand on the Bible or the Koran and saying that you will tell the truth and nothing but the truth, you say “Your honor, I swear by the fig, the olive, the pen, and the star to tell the truth.”
Will the judge accept your testimony?
For the Koran to declare that Allah swore by things He had created is to teach heresy and clear polytheism.
- Allah swore by the Koran five times.
By the Koran, full of wisdom. (Surat Ya Sin 36:2)
By the Koran, full of admonition (Surat Sad 38:1)
By the Book that makes things clear, we have made it a Koran in Arabic, that ye may be able to understand. (Surat Al- Zukhruf 43:2)
By the Book that makes things clear (Surat Al-Dukhan 44:2)
By the Glorious Koran (Surat Qaf 50:1)
- Allah swore by different ranks of angels or probably men
By those who arrange themselves in ranks. Those who so are strong in repelling [evil]. Those who thus proclaim the message of Allah. (Surat Al-Saffat 37:1-4)
By the [angels] who tear out [the souls of the wicked with violence] by those who gently draw out [the souls of the blessed] and by those who glide along [on errands of mercy], and then press forward as in race, then arrange to do [the commands of their Lord]. (Surat Al-Naziat 79:1-5)
- Allah swore by the winds.
By the [winds] that scatter broadcast, and those that lift and bear away heavy weights, and those that flow with ease and gentleness, and those that distribute the affair. (Surat Al-Zhariyat 51:1-4)
By the [winds] sent forth one after another. (Surat Al-Mursalat 77:1)
- Allah swore by the mount, the inscribed book, the Kaaba, and the ocean.
By the mount, by the book inscribed in a parchment unfolded, by the much-frequented house [Kaaba] by the canopy raised high and by the ocean filled with swell. (Surat Al-Tur 52:1-6)
It is of great importance to notice in this verse that Allah swore by the Kaaba, while it was still the shrine of 360 idols.
- Allah swore by the star.
By the star when it goes down. (Surat Al-Najm 53:1)
- Allah swore by the pen.
By the pen and by the record which [men] write. (Surat Al-Qalam 68:1)
- Allah swore by the moon, the night, and the dawn.
Nay, verily: By the moon, and by the night as it retreateth, and by the dawn as it shineth forth. (Surat Al-Muddathir 74:32-34)
- Allah swore by the Resurrection Day and the self-reproaching soul.
I do swear by the Resurrection Day. And I do swear by the self-reproaching soul. (Surat Al-Qiyamah 75:1, 2)
- Allah swore by the sky, the Day of Judgment, and by one that witnesses.
By the sky, with its constellations, by the promised day [of judgment]. By one that witnesses and the subject of witness. (Surat Al-Buruj 85:1-3)
- Allah swore again by the sky.
By the sky and the night-visitant (Surat Al-Tariq 86:1)
- Allah swore by the dawn, the ten nights, by the even and odd, and by the night.
By the dawn, by the ten nights; by the even and odd [contrasted]. And by the night when it passeth away. (Surat Al-Fajr 89:1-4)
- Allah swore by the city (Mecca).
Nay I do swear by this city. (Surat Al-Balad 90:1)
- Allah swore by the sun, the moon, the day, the night, the firmament, the earth, and the soul.
By the sun and his [glorious] splendour: by the moon as she follows him; by the day as it shows up [the sun’s] glory; by the night as it conceals it; by the firmament and its expanse: by the soul, and the proportion and order given to it; and its inspiration as to its wrong and its right. (Surat Al-Shams 91:1-8)
- Allah swore by the night, the day, and the creation of male and female.
By the night as it conceals [the light]; by the day as it appears in glory; by the creation of male and female. (Surat Al-Layl 92:1-3)
- Allah swore by the morning light and by the night.
By the glorious morning light, and by the night when it is still, the Guardian-Lord hath not forsaken thee, nor is He displeased. (Surat Ad-Duha 93:1-3)
Ahmad Abdelwahab, citing Muhammad’s biographers, wrote in his book, Prophecy and Prophets, the following:
Revelations ceased from coming to Muhammad for a long time (some say two years); some of Muhammad’s friends may have said to him ‘It seems that your Allah has forsaken you.’ The prophet passed through a terrible spiritual crisis. The biographies of Muhammad say: ‘During that time Muhammad thought to commit suicide by throwing himself from the top of Mount Hira, or Mount Abi-Qubees, because he felt desperate and lonely.’ (Prophecy and Prophets, pp. 177-178)
Could you imagine the Prophet Muhammad thinking of committing suicide? At that time Allah swore to Muhammad “by the glorious morning light, and by the night that He had not forsaken him, nor was He displeased with him.”
- Allah swore by the fig, the olive, Mount Sinai, and the city of Mecca.
By the fig and the olive, and Mount Sinai, and this City of Security [Mecca]. (Surat Al-Tin 95:1-3)
- Allah swore by the steeds, which, according to the commentators of the Koran, might be camels, war-horses, or spiritual forces.
By the [Steeds] that run, with panting [breath] and strike sparks of fire, and push home the charge in the morning, and raise the dust in clouds the while, and penetrate forthwith into the midst [of the foe]. (Surat Al-Adiyat 100:1-5)
- Allah swore by time through the ages.
By the time, verily man is in loss. (Surat Al-Asr 103:1-2)
Does not the association of Allah with these objects and creatures represent polytheism?
With the foregoing in perspective we are now ready to proceed to the second part of Mikhail’s discussion https://answeringallah.com/islam-the-religi…man-worship-pt-2/