The God-breathed Scriptures testify that Jesus is the Heir whom the Father has appointed to create sustain and possess all creation:
“Now the landowner had one son whom he loved dearly. He sent him last, thinking, They will respect my son. But those tenant farmers said to each other, ‘This is the heir. Let’s kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ They grabbed him, killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard.” Mark 12:6-8 Common English Bible (CEB)
“The Father loves the Son and gives everything into his hands.” John 3:35 CEB
“Jesus knew the Father had given everything into his hands and that he had come from God and was returning to God. Read full chapter John 13:3 CEB
“Everything that the Father has is mine. That’s why I said that the Spirit takes what is mine and will proclaim it to you.” John 16:15 CEB
“He rescued us from the control of darkness and transferred us into the kingdom of the Son he loves. He set us free through the Son and forgave our sins. The Son is the image of the invisible God, the one who is first over all creation, Because all things were created by him: both in the heavens and on the earth, the things that are visible and the things that are invisible. Whether they are thrones or powers, or rulers or authorities, all things were created through him and FOR HIM. He existed before all things, and all things are held together in him.” Colossians 1:13-17 CEB
“Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,” Hebrews 1:1-3 English Standard Version (ESV)
Anti-Trinitarians such as Arians and Muhammadans employ these texts to disprove the Deity of Christ. They reason that it is illogical to believe that Jesus inherits anything if he is God Incarnate since God owns the entire creation and inherits nothing from anyone.
With this claim in view, I will show how this argument of the heretics and cultists ends up proving that neither Jehovah nor Allah can be God in the absolute sense (despite the fact that Allah of the Quran isn’t God at all).
The Hebrew Bible speaks of Jehovah inheriting Israel, that God personally chose the children of Jacob to become his cherished inheritance:
“And he said, If now I have found favor in thy sight, O Lord, let the Lord, I pray thee, go in the midst of us; for it is a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance (unachaltanu).” Exodus 34:9 American Standard Version (ASV)
“When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance (bahancḥel), When he separated the children of men, He set the bounds of the peoples According to the number of the children of Israel. For Jehovah’s portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance (nachalato).” Deuteronomy 32:8-9 ASV
Then Samuel took the vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not that Jehovah hath anointed thee to be prince over his inheritance (nachalato)?” 1 Samuel 10:1 ASV
“From following the ewes that have their young he brought him, To be the shepherd of Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance (nachalato).” Psalm 78:71 ASV
“Therefore was the wrath of Jehovah kindled against his people, And he abhorred his inheritance (nachalato).” Psalm 106:40 ASV
The sacred writings also prophesy a time when Jehovah will actually inherit the nations when he arises to judge the earth and its wicked rulers:
“A Psalm of Asaph. God (Elohim) standeth in the congregation of God (El); He judgeth among the gods (elohim)… Arise, O God (Elohim), judge the earth; For thou shalt inherit (tinchal) all the nations.” Psalm 82:1, 8 ASV
Most shockingly, the prophet Zechariah speaks of Jehovah of hosts sending Jehovah God to live in Jerusalem where he comes to inherit Judah!
“Ho, ho, flee from the land of the north, saith Jehovah; for I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heavens, saith Jehovah. Ho Zion, escape, thou that dwellest with the daughter of Babylon. For thus SAITH JEHOVAH OF HOSTS: After glory HATH HE SENT ME unto the nations which plundered you; for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye. For, behold, I will shake my hand over them, and they shall be a spoil to those that served them; and ye shall know that Jehovah of hosts HATH SENT ME. Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion; for, lo, I COME, and I WILL DWELL IN THE MIDST OF THEE, SAITH JEHOVAH. And many nations shall join themselves to Jehovah in that day, and shall be MY PEOPLE; and I WILL DWELL IN THE MIDST OF THEE, and thou shalt know THAT JEHOVAH OF HOSTS HATH SENT ME unto thee. And Jehovah shall inherit (chelqo) Judah as his portion in the holy land, and shall yet choose Jerusalem. Be silent, all flesh, before Jehovah; for he is waked up out of his holy habitation.” Zechariah 2:6-13 ASV
Now pay attention to Muhammad’s claiming that his deity is also an heir who shall one day inherit creation:
And do not let those who ˹greedily˺ withhold Allah’s bounties think it is good for them—in fact, it is bad for them! They will be leashed ˹by their necks˺ on the Day of Judgment with whatever ˹wealth˺ they used to withhold. And Allah is the ˹sole˺ inheritor of the heavens and the earth. And Allah is All-Aware of what you do. S. 3:180 ( The Clear Quran, Dr. Mustafa Khattab)
And certainly We! We it is Who give life, and cause death and We are the Inheritors. S. 15:23 Hilali-Khan
Verily! We will inherit the earth and whatsoever is thereon. And to Us they all shall be returned, S. 19:40 Hilali-Khan
And We shall inherit from him (at his death) all that he talks of (i.e. wealth and children which We have bestowed upon him in this world), and he shall come to Us alone. S. 19:80 Hilali-Khan
And how many a town (population) have We destroyed, which were thankless for its means of livelihood (disobeyed Allah, and His Messengers, by doing evil deeds and crimes)! And those are their dwellings, which have not been inhabited after them except a little. And verily! We have been the inheritors. S. 28:58 Hilali-Khan
Allah is even described as being the best from among all those that receive an inheritance, showing that he is one of many!
And (remember) Zakariya (Zachariah), when he cried to his Lord: “O My Lord! Leave me not single (childless), though You are the Best of the inheritors.” S. 21:89 Hilali-Khan
Ironically, one of Allah’s so-called beautiful names happens be “The Heir/Inheritor” (Al-Warith)!
Al-Wârith: The Inheritor
The One who inherits and continues after all others have ceased to be; thus all returns to Him. He is the true owner of all.
Al-Warith is one of the Ninety-Nine Names.
“It is We who will inherit the earth and all those on it and. They will be returned to Us.” (19:39)
“We will inherit from him the things he is talking about and he will come to Us all alone.” (19:81)
“It is We who give life and cause to die and We are the Inheritor.” (15:23) (Aisha Bewley, The Divine Names)
Therefore, if Jesus cannot be God in the absolute sense simply because he is Heir for whom all things exist, then neither can Jehovah or Allah be God since they too are said to be Heirs who inherit the creation.