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Who do the OT Prophets say the Messiah is?

In this article I am going to post some of the many verses where the very same names, attributes, functions and worship that the Hebrew Bible ascribes to Jehovah God are also attributed to the coming Messianic King, i.e. the Christ. This will confirm that the prophetic writings testify to the Messiah being Incarnate Deity, one who is both God and Man at the same time.

  1. Who is the Mighty God that reigns forever?

The Anointed King

“Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death,
 upon them hath the light shined… For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: 
and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God (El Gibbor), The everlasting Father (Abi Ad), The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, 
to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice
 from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.” Isaiah 9:1-2, 6-7

“My heart is overflowing with a good thought; I am speaking my works for the king; my tongue is the pen of a skilled scribe. You are fairer than all the sons of men; favor is poured on your lips; therefore God has blessed you forever… Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; the scepter of Your kingdom is an upright scepter. You love righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore God, your God, anointed you with the oil of gladness above your companions.” Psalm 45:1-2, 6-7

Jehovah God

“And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, 
and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them;
 but shall stay upon the Lord, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. The remnant shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God (El Gibbor).” Isaiah 10:20-21

“Thou, O Lord, remainest for ever; thy throne from generation to generation.” Lamentations 5:19

  1. Who is called Jehovah our righteousness, being the One who justifies and makes people righteous?

The Anointed King

“Out of his anguish he shall see light; he shall find satisfaction through his knowledge. The righteous one, my servant, shall make many righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities.” Isaiah 53:11 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

“Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, The Lord our righteousness (YHVH Tsidkenu).” Jeremiah 23:5-6

Jehovah God

The Lord is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works.” Psalm 145:17

“It will be said of me, ‘Certainly, righteousness and strength are found in Yahweh ALONE.’ All who are angry with him will come to him and be ashamed. All the descendants of Israel will be declared righteous, and they will praise Yahweh.” Isaiah 45:24-25 Names of God (NOG)

The Lord is righteous in her midst; He does no unrighteousness. Every morning He brings His justice to light; He does not fail, but the unjust knows no shame.” Zephaniah 3:5 Modern English Version (MEV)

  1. Who is the eternal King that is worshiped and served by all the nations forever and ever?

The Anointed King

“and the king will desire your beauty. Since he is your lord, bow to him… I will cause your name to be remembered in all generations; therefore the people will praise you forever and ever.” Psalm 45:11, 17

“Give the king Your judgments, O God, and Your righteousness to the king’s son… May he have dominion from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth. May those who dwell in the wilderness bow before him, and his enemies lick the dust. May the kings of Tarshish and of the isles bring presents; the kings of Sheba and Seba offer a gift. May all kings bow down before him; may all nations serve him… May his name endure forever; may his name increase as long as the sun. May men be blessed in him; may all nations call him blessed!” Psalm 72:1, 8-11, 17

“I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.” Daniel 7:13-14

Jehovah God

“All nations whom You have made shall come and worship before You, O Lord, and shall glorify Your name. For You are great and do wondrous deeds; You are God alone.” Psalm 86:9-10

“From one New Moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, all flesh shall come to worship before Me, says the Lord.” Isaiah 66:23

“And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.” Daniel 7:27

  1. Who is the Ruler who originates/comes forth from eternity?

The Anointed King

“Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek. But thou, Beth-lehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; 
whose goings forth have been from of old (miqqedem), from everlasting (olam). Therefore will he give them up, until the time that she which travaileth hath brought forth: 
then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel. And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the Lord, 
in the majesty of the name of the Lord his God;
 and they shall abide: 
for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.” Micah 5:1-4

Jehovah God

The Lord reigneth, he is clothed with majesty; the Lord is clothed with strength, wherewith he hath girded himself: the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved. Thy throne is established of old: thou art from everlasting (me’olam).” Psalm 93:1-2

Art thou not from everlasting (miqqedem), O Lord my God, mine Holy One? we shall not die. 
O Lord, thou hast ordained them for judgment; and, O mighty God, thou hast established them for correction.” Habakkuk 1:12

  1. Who is the Exalted One who dwells on high?

The Anointed King

“Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high.” Isaiah 52:13

Jehovah God

“The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the Lord ALONE shall be exalted in that day. For the day of the Lord of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up; and he shall be brought low: and upon all the cedars of Lebanon, that are high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks of Bashan, and upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills that are lifted up, and upon every high tower, and upon every fenced wall, and upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant pictures. And the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be made low: and the Lord ALONE shall be exalted in that day.” Isaiah 2:11-17

“In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory. And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke. Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts.” Isaiah 6:1-5

“For thus saith the high and lofty Onethat inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.” Isaiah 57:15

“The Lord is exalted; for he dwelleth on high: he hath filled Zion with judgment and righteousness… Now will I rise, saith the Lord; now will I be exalted; now will I lift up myself.” Isaiah 33:5, 10

  1. Who Shall Reign in Zion, in Jerusalem, forever?

The Anointed King

Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against his anointedsaying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision. Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.” Psalm 2:1-6

Jehovah God

“For the Lord hath chosen Zion; he hath desired it for his habitation. This is my rest for ever: here will I dwell; for I have desired it.” Psalm 132:13-14

“Afterward he brought me to the gate, even the gate that looketh toward the east: and, behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east: and his voice was like a noise of many waters: and the earth shined with his glory. And it was according to the appearance of the vision which I saw, even according to the vision that I saw when I came to destroy the city: and the visions were like the vision that I saw by the river Chebar; and I fell upon my face. And the glory of the Lord came into the house by the way of the gate whose prospect is toward the east. So the spirit took me up, and brought me into the inner court; and, behold, the glory of the Lord filled the house. And I heard him speaking unto me out of the house; and the man stood by me. And he said unto me, Son of man, the place of my throne, and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever, and my holy name, shall the house of Israel no more defileneither they, nor their kings, by their whoredom, nor by the carcases of their kings in their high places. In their setting of their threshold by my thresholds, and their post by my posts, and the wall between me and them, they have even defiled my holy name by their abominations that they have committed: wherefore I have consumed them in mine anger. Now let them put away their whoredom, and the carcases of their kings, far from me, and I will dwell in the midst of them for ever.” Ezekiel 43:1-9

It was round about eighteen thousand measures: and the name of the city from that day shall be, The Lord is there.” Ezekiel 48:35

“and I will make her that halted a remnant,
 and her that was cast far off a strong nation:
 and the Lord shall reign over them in mount Zion from henceforth, even for ever.” Micah 4:7

Sing, O daughter of Zion;shout, O Israel; be glad and rejoice with all the heart, O daughter of Jerusalem. The Lord hath taken away thy judgments,
he hath cast out thine enemy: the king of Israel, even the Lord, is in the midst of thee: thou shalt not see evil any more. In that day it shall be said to Jerusalem, Fear thou not: and to Zion, Let not thine hands be slack. The Lord thy God in the midst of thee is mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.” Zephaniah 3:14-17

This next example is quite amazing since it comes from Zechariah, and prophesies that Israel’s King will come riding on a foal of a donkey:

Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass. And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion shall be from sea even to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth. As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant 
I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water.” Zechariah 9:9-11

What makes this rather remarkable is that Zechariah goes on to say that this King that comes to Jerusalem on a donkey is none other than Jehovah God himself!

“Behold, the day of the Lord cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee. For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city. Then shall the Lord go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle. And HIS FEET shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee And the Lord shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one Lord, and his name one… And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles. And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.” Zechariah 14:1-5, 9, 16-17

The prophet sees Jehovah God descending upon the Mount of Olives, which ends up splitting in half as a result of being touched by Jehovah’s glorious and blessed feet, who then makes his way into Jerusalem in order to start ruling over the whole earth from Jerusalem itself.

This means that the King who comes riding into Jerusalem on a foal is none other than Jehovah God himself!

  1. Who inherits all the nations and owns the entire earth?

The Anointed King

“I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel. Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. Serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, 
and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.” Psalm 2:7-12

Jehovah God

“Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations.” Psalm 82:8

Unless noted otherwise, all Scriptural citations taken from the Authorized King James Version (AV) of the Holy Bible.

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